FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group
2 Pinscher and Schnauzer Type Molossian ,Swiss Mountain and
Cattle Dogs. Section 2.2 Molossian type, Mountain
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: His
direct ancestor is the old Roman Molossian. In the recent
past preserved and prevalent in the provinces of Foggia and
Ban. His name derives from the Latin "cohors", which
means "protector, guardian of the farm-yard".
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium
to large-sized dog. Robust and sturdy, nevertheless elegant.
Lean, with powerful long muscles.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The
length of the head reaches 36% of the height at withers. The
dog is somewhat longer than tall.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Guardian
of property, family and livestock; extremely agile and responsive.
In the past, it has been used for herding cattle and hunting
HEAD: Large and typically
molossoid. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the
muzzle converge slightly.
Skull: Wide; at the zygomatic
arch its width is equal to or greater than its length. Convex
in front, it becomes fairly flat behind the forehead as far
as the occiput. The medio-frontal furrow is visible.
Nose: Black and large
with ample, open nostrils on the same line as the nasal bridge.
shorter than the skull (ratio skull 62%-64%, muzzle 36-38%),
strong, extremely square, with a flat front face and parallel
nearly as wide as long lateral surfaces. The profile of the
nasal bridge is rectilinear.
Lips: The upper lips hang
moderately and cover the mandible, so that the lower profile
of the muzzle is determined by the lips.
Jaw/Teeth: Jaw very
large, thick and curved. Lightly undershot. Level and scissors
Eyes: Medium-sized, ovoid,
looking directly forward, slightly protruding. Eyelids close
fitting. Color of the iris as dark as possible, depending
from the color of the coat. Expression keen and attentive.
drooping, with a large set on high above the zygomtic arch.
Almost always cropped in the shape of an equilateral triangle.
Neck: Strong, fairly thin, muscular, as long
as the head.
The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers.
Sturdily built, but not squat.
Withers: Pronounced, rising
above the level of the croup.
Back: Rectilinear, very
muscular and firm.
Loins: Short and solid.
Croup: Long, wide, slightly
Chest: Well developed
in three dimensions, reaches to the elbow.
Tail: Set on of the
tail fairly high; very thick at the root. The tail is docked
at the fourth vertebra. In action carried high, but never
curled nor erect.
Shoulder: Long, oblique,
Upper arm: Strong
Straight, very strong.
Carpal joint and pasterns:
Forefeet: Cat feet.
Upper thigh: Long, wide,
Lower thigh: Thin, strong.
Metatarsals: Thick and
Hind feet: Slightly less
compact than the forefeet.
Skin: Fairly thick, rather
Hair: Short (not smooth),
shiney, very thick with a light undercoat.
Color: Black, lead
grey, slate, light fawn (yellowish), stag red, brindle; black
mask is present in fawn colored dogs.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT
Height: Height at the
withers Males from 62 to 68 cm, Females from 58 to 64 cm.
Tolerance of 2 cm more or less.
Weight: Males from 42
to 50 kg Females , from 38 to 45 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered
a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
- Accentuated parallelism or very marked converging of the
axes of the muzzle
and the skull; converging side lines of the muzzle.
- Pronounced and disturbing undershot mouth.
- Nose partial depigmentation.
- Tail ring-tail, tail in vertical position.
- Size over-or undersize.
- Movement continuously ambling.
- Axes of the muzzle and the skull diverging.
- Overshot mouth.
- Bridge of nose resolutely hollow, ram's nose.
- Nose total depigmentation.
- Eyes partial and bilateral palpebral depigmentation, wall
eye, bilateral strabismus.
- Tail tailless, short tail (artificial or congenital).
- Hair semi-long, smooth, fringed.
- Color all colors not indicated in the standard; white patches
Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.